The New England Journal of Medicine has an article by Paul Lichtenstein et al. titled "Medication for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder and Criminality." The Conclusions paragraph of the preview is:
Among patients with ADHD, rates of criminality were lower during periods when they were receiving ADHD medication. These findings raise the possibility that the use of medication reduces the risk of criminality among patients with ADHD. (Funded by the Swedish Research Council and others.)Access to the full article will set you back $15. The full text of the preview and the cite info are after the jump.
Medication for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder and Criminality
Paul Lichtenstein, Ph.D., Linda Halldner, M.D., Ph.D., Johan Zetterqvist, M.Ed., Arvid Sjölander, Ph.D., Eva Serlachius, M.D., Ph.D., Seena Fazel, M.B., Ch.B., M.D., Niklas Långström, M.D., Ph.D., and Henrik Larsson, M.D., Ph.D.
N Engl J Med 2012; 367:2006-2014November 22, 2012DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1203241
Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder that has been associated with criminal behavior in some studies. Pharmacologic treatment is available for ADHD and may reduce the risk of criminality.
Using Swedish national registers, we gathered information on 25,656 patients with a diagnosis of ADHD, their pharmacologic treatment, and subsequent criminal convictions in Sweden from 2006 through 2009. We used stratified Cox regression analyses to compare the rate of criminality while the patients were receiving ADHD medication, as compared with the rate for the same patients while not receiving medication.
As compared with nonmedication periods, among patients receiving ADHD medication, there was a significant reduction of 32% in the criminality rate for men (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63 to 0.73) and 41% for women (hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.50 to 0.70). The rate reduction remained between 17% and 46% in sensitivity analyses among men, with factors that included different types of drugs (e.g., stimulant vs. nonstimulant) and outcomes (e.g., type of crime).
Among patients with ADHD, rates of criminality were lower during periods when they were receiving ADHD medication. These findings raise the possibility that the use of medication reduces the risk of criminality among patients with ADHD. (Funded by the Swedish Research Council and others.)
TY - JOUR
T1 - Medication for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder and Criminality
AU - Lichtenstein, Paul
AU - Halldner, Linda
AU - Zetterqvist, Johan
AU - Sjölander, Arvid
AU - Serlachius, Eva
AU - Fazel, Seena
AU - Långström, Niklas
AU - Larsson, Henrik
Y1 - 2012/11/21
PY - 2012
DA - 2012/11/22
N1 - doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1203241
DO - 10.1056/NEJMoa1203241
T2 - New England Journal of Medicine
JF - New England Journal of Medicine
JO - N Engl J Med
SP - 2006
EP - 2014
VL - 367
IS - 21
PB - Massachusetts Medical Society
SN - 0028-4793
M3 - doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1203241
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1203241
Y2 - 2012/11/26